Moroccan Arabic Alphabet

In this video, you are going to learn the Moroccan Arabic alphabet (or Darija Alphabet); starting by the easiest and finishing by those usually written with numbers.


  • a

‘a’ is pronounced as the English ‘a’ in “father”.

  • u

‘u’ is pronounced as in “put”.

  • i

‘i’ is pronounced as in “sheep”.

  • e

‘e’ is the schwa pronounced as the ‘a’ in “about”.


  • b
  • f
  • t
  • d

This ‘d’ is weaker than the English ‘d’. Take a look at the other ‘d’ in Moroccan Arabic below.

  • s

This ‘s’ is different from the English; it is somewhat weaker.

  • z
  • sh
  • j
  • k
  • l
  • m
  • n
  • w
  • y
  • g
  • h

The Moroccan ‘h’ is a bit stronger than the English ‘h’.

  • r

The arabic ‘r’ in general is different from the English ‘r’; but similar to the Spanish ‘r’.

  • แนฃ

This one is almost similar to the English ‘s’. Like in “sun”.

  • แธ

This ‘d’ is a lot stronger than both the ‘d’ we saw earlier and the ‘d’ in English. Almost like in “doctor”.

  • x/kh/5

The sound ‘x’ doesn’t exist in English, but you can find it in Spanish spelled as ‘j’, or in French as ‘r’ when it’s preceded by voiceless sounds like “t, p, f…”, or in German as ‘ch’.

  • q/9

The sound ‘q’ doesn’t exist in English or in any of the languages mentioned above. It’s somewhat close to the sound ‘k’ but closer to the throat than ‘k’ is.

  • 7

This sound is somewhat close to the English ‘h’.

  • 2

This is the glottal stop. Sounds as in uh-oh!

  • 3

This sound is close the glottal stop

  • gh/3′

This sounds like the French ‘r’ when it’s preceded by voiced sounds like “b/v/d…” and the German ‘r’.

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