To learn to speak Darija, you’ll have to learn the sentence structure in Darija. In this post we shall start with the Darija simple sentences. Most of the structures in Darija are interchangeable such as subject+verb and verb+subject.
When a pronoun is the subject, it is usually omitted from the sentence. This way we get a sentence without a subject. We understand whom we’re talking about from the verb conjugation. Therefore, verb conjugation indicates the subject, gender and number.
Going (sing masc future) n-(1st p) continue.
I am going to continue.
Going (sing masc future) t-(2nd p) continue.
You are going to continue.
Going (3rd p sing fem future) t-(3rd p fem) continue.
She is going to continue.
The subject usually comes first in the Darija simple sentence. Therefore, this structure is most common in Darija.
Brahim read (3rd p sing masc present).
Brahim is reading.
El 3ummal tay7tajju.
The workers protest (3rd p pl masc present).
The workers are protesting.
The action here is more important than the doer/subject. This structure is less common than the former.
Go, leave(3rd p sing masc past) Karim.
Karim has left.
This is the most commonly used structure by most Moroccans in simple sentences.
Saloua klat toffa7a.
Saloua eat(3rd p sing fem past) an apple.
Saloua ate an apple.
Like the verb only sentence, the subject here is a pronoun. No need to say ‘howa 9ra lktab‘,in English ‘He read(past) the book‘. The sentence ‘9ra lktab’ is well understood by Moroccans.
Read (1st p sing masc past) the book.
I read the book.
This structure is rarely used; use it only when the action is more important that the doer/subject.
Klat ettoffa7a Saloua.
Eat (3rd p sing fem past) the apple Saloua.
Saloua ate the apple.