Verb Conjugation Part 1

In this post, we're going to explore the different approaches to the different verb types and how we can do verb conjugation in Darija. First we start with the 3-letter verbs, verbs that contain 3 letters only.  Verbs containing 3 consonants Example: 3raf (to know) The Verb 3raf in the Past Tense 3raft (I knew) 3rafti…

Verb Types

In this post we illustrate the different verb types you may encounter in Darija. The 3-letter verbs are the most common in Darija. The 4-letter and 5-letter verbs are extensions of the 3-letter verbs. Verbs with 3 letters Verbs with 3 consonants in sequence Ex: kteb (write), b7et (search), zre3 (plant), sna3 (create), 3raf (know),…

Prepositions

These are the prepositions we use in Darija. We will discuss them in depth under the transition from English to Darija later. About – 3la Are you talking about that movie? Wash tathdar 3la dak lfilm? After – men ba3d, men wra What do you do after work? Shnu tatdir men ba3d ma tatsali khdemtek?…

Present Tenses Transition

Introduction to the present tenses transition When you want to speak Darija, you probably transition from English to Darija; that's why I came up with this post; to make it easy for English speakers to learn to speak Darija in an easy and smooth way. First, we start with how to transition the present tenses…

Future Perfect Tense

The use of the future perfect tense In Darija, ghadi ykon + verb (in the past) is the equivalent of the future perfect in English. The positive form of the future perfect tense Examples Ghadi nkun salit dik sa3a. I will haven finished by then. Ghadi yekun sala lfilm melli tewsel sa3a lreb3a (4). The movie will…

Past Perfect Tense

The use of the Past Perfect Tense in Moroccan Arabic In Darija, kan +main verb (in the past) is the equivalent of the past perfect in English. The positive form of the past perfect tense in Darija Examples Kunt salit 9bel ma tji. I had finished before you came in. Kan lfilm yallah bda melli jiti. The…

Past Continuous Tense

The use of the past continuous in Darija Kan tay stands for was verb+ing, hence the past continuous tense, and also stands for used to. The positive form of the past continuous tense Examples Kunt tan9ra wa7ed lktab fach 3aye6ti lia. I was reading a book when you called me. Kan ghadi lmedrasa dik sa3a. He…

Future Tense

The use the future tense in Darija Same as in English, we use the future tense to talk about actions that will or may happen in the future. The positive form of the future tense Examples Ghadi nduz 3andek ghedda. I will drop by your place tomorrow. Gha yemshi 3and 6bib simana jjayya. He will go…

Simple Sentences in Darija

To learn to speak Darija, you'll have to learn the sentence structure in Darija. In this post we shall start with the Darija simple sentences. Most of the structures in Darija are interchangeable such as subject+verb and verb+subject. Verb only When a pronoun is the subject, it is usually omitted from the sentence. This way…

Past Tense

The use of the Darija Past Tense The Darija past tense is used the same way as in English except for some cases which will be explained later. Example 1 Mchit el medrasa f sba7 m3a 8. I went to school at 8 o’clock in the morning. Example 2 Tfarrejt f wa7ed lfilm wa3er lbare7. I…